Thailand, Supreme Court, Brexit: Your Monday Briefing

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Good morning.

Here’s what you must know:

New rescue is underway in Thailand

• Divers try to extract the remaining 9 members of a boys’ soccer staff from a flooded cave, a day after 4 others had been efficiently evacuated. Here are the latest updates.

Thai officers stated the 4 rescued boys had been in secure situation at a hospital. Ninety divers assisted in Sunday’s operation at the cave, the place the staff has been trapped for greater than two weeks.

The divers hugged the boys, who had been sporting full face masks, to their our bodies as they navigated the slim underwater passageway for hours. Using maps and illustrations, we outlined the challenges involved in the rescue.

“You can’t go wrong” on courtroom decide

• President Trump on Sunday described all 4 of his finalists to switch Justice Anthony Kennedy on the Supreme Court as “excellent,” adding that he was very close to a decision.

He is scheduled to announce his alternative in a nationally televised handle at 9 p.m. Eastern.

Senator Mitch McConnell, the highest Senate Republican, has cautioned Mr. Trump that Judges Thomas Hardiman and Raymond Kethledge offered the fewest apparent obstacles to Senate affirmation. Judges Amy Coney Barrett and Brett Kavanaugh are regarded as the opposite finalists.

Leadership questions as Congress returns

There’s uncertainty at the top for both Democrats and Republicans because the House returns from its Fourth of July recess this week.

Representative Nancy Pelosi, 78, has made clear that she desires to maintain main the Democrats subsequent 12 months, however there are calls for somebody youthful to guide the social gathering.

And Republicans face their very own struggle, with the retirement of Speaker Paul Ryan on the finish of this 12 months.

“It’s laborious to recall when there’s been a second the place each events have performed a lot head-scratching and soul-searching about what their respective futures needs to be,” one former congressional aide stated.

U.S. opposed breast-feeding accord

• At a gathering of the decision-making physique for the World Health Organization this spring, American officials tried to water down a resolution saying that mom’s milk is healthiest for youngsters. The seemingly uncontroversial measure additionally stated that nations ought to try to restrict inaccurate or deceptive advertising and marketing of breast-milk substitutes.

Embracing the pursuits of infant-formula producers, the U.S. delegation additionally threatened the measure’s deliberate sponsor, Ecuador, with commerce sanctions and the withdrawal of navy help, in accordance with diplomats and authorities officers.

In the tip, the American efforts had been largely unsuccessful, however the confrontation provides to examples of Washington siding with company pursuits on public well being and environmental points.

Inside China’s dystopian goals

• Beijing is embracing facial recognition and synthetic intelligence to determine and monitor 1.four billion folks, assembling an unprecedented national surveillance system.

Billboard-size shows present the faces of jaywalkers and listing the names of people that can’t pay their money owed, and face scanners guard housing complexes. China has an estimated 200 million surveillance cameras — 4 occasions as many because the U.S.

“This is probably a completely new means for the federal government to handle the financial system and society,” one scholar stated. “The goal is algorithmic governance.”

Mas Okui, now 86, was considered one of them. He returns yearly to the Manzanar camp the place he and his household had been imprisoned, to remember — and to educate.

A cooking pioneer

Fannie Farmer, who died in 1915, introduced a scientific strategy to cooking, taught numerous girls marketable abilities and wrote a cookbook that outlined American meals for the 20th century. She’s the most recent in our series of obituaries that The Times originally overlooked.

Quotation of the day

“What happened was tantamount to blackmail, with the U.S. holding the world hostage and trying to overturn nearly 40 years of consensus on the best way to protect infant and young-child health.”

Patti Rundall, the coverage director of the British advocacy group Baby Milk Action, on U.S. efforts to derail a decision to encourage breast-feeding.

The Times, in different phrases

Here’s a picture of today’s front page, and hyperlinks to our Opinion content and crossword puzzles.

What we’re studying

Max Fisher, considered one of our Interpreter columnists, recommends this piece from The Washington Post: “Annie Gowen reviews on a wave of lynchings throughout India which can be regarded as pushed by rumors spreading on social media. It’s a disturbing manifestation of the phenomena we wrote about from Sri Lanka, and which is changing into a world pattern.”

Back Story

President Trump is scheduled to announce his Supreme Court nominee at this time.

There are 9 seats on the courtroom, however that wasn’t at all times the case.

There weren’t at all times 9 seats on the Supreme Court.CreditDoug Mills/The New York Times

The Constitution doesn’t specify the variety of justices, leaving it to Congress to find out.

In 1789, the Judiciary Act established the variety of justices at six, with a chief justice and 5 affiliate justices.

Through laws, the quantity fluctuated, with as many as 10 justices. In 1869, the quantity was set at 9, the place it has remained.

Although Congress determines the variety of justices, that hasn’t prevented presidents from attempting to wield affect.

President Franklin D. Roosevelt often clashed with the conservative court within the 1930s over his New Deal packages.

In 1937, he pushed a plan that might add a justice, as much as a complete of 15, for every Supreme Court justice over 70 who didn’t retire. (At the time, six of the justices had been above that age.)

Roosevelt’s effort to pack the court ultimately failed, and the Senate Judiciary Committee stated, “It is a measure which should be so emphatically rejected that its parallel will never again be presented to the free representatives of the free people of America.”

Adriana Lacy wrote at this time’s Back Story.

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