WASHINGTON — President Trump wasn’t on the poll and even stateside for Tuesday’s main elections in Virginia and South Carolina. But he loomed over each states, simply as he has in almost each nominating contest this yr, underscoring how the Republican Party has change into the celebration of Trump and that its politicians cross him at their peril.
As Representative Mark Sanford of South Carolina came upon the arduous manner, in his shock main defeat, having a conservative voting file is much less necessary than demonstrating complete loyalty to Mr. Trump, who now enjoys greater approval rankings in his personal celebration than any fashionable president besides George W. Bush following the assaults of Sept. 11. And in Virginia, a far-right candidate, Corey Stewart, received the Republican Senate nomination after waging an incendiary marketing campaign and portraying himself as a disciple of Mr. Trump.
The president’s transformation of the G.O.P. — its insurance policies, its tone, even the destiny of its candidates — has by no means been so evident. A celebration that after championed free commerce has now largely turned to protectionism beneath Mr. Trump. Sermons about inclusivity have been changed with demagogic assaults on immigrants and black athletes. A trust-but-verify method to overseas coverage has given strategy to a seat-of-the-pants model during which rogue regimes like North Korea are elevated and democratic allies like Canada are belittled.
Mr. Trump’s harsh assaults, together with describing the information media as “the country’s biggest enemy” Tuesday, draw muted responses or silence from most Republicans as of late. The celebration’s lawmakers have seen what he can do to their campaigns, having witnessed how Senators Jeff Flake of Arizona and Bob Corker of Tennessee noticed their standing with conservative voters plummet after they tangled with him. Neither is looking for re-election.
While Mr. Trump has been reshaping Republican identification for almost two years — beginning along with his 2016 nomination victory and the hard-line tone and platform he laid out at that summer time’s Republican conference — he has by no means had this a lot alternative to wield energy over the celebration as he does now, together with over immigration laws and tariffs in Congress.
“If you criticize him, you’re siding with the media that hates him and you’re undermining what he’s trying to accomplish,” stated former Senator Rick Santorum, explaining why Mr. Trump has consolidated assist. “Trump has done a good job in being a conservative president and as much as Democrats looked past what Bill Clinton said and did, Republicans are looking past what this president says and does.”
That means Republican lawmakers are going to be additional certain to Mr. Trump within the midterm elections, much less more likely to elevate doubts about his impulsive policymaking and, maybe most consequential for a president going through scrutiny by a particular counsel, extra inclined to chorus from criticizing his private conduct and use of govt energy.
“This will have a further chilling effect,” stated Mr. Flake, including, “If you want to do well in a primary, you’ve got to act accordingly.”
In addition to Mr. Flake, Mr. Trump has helped push Mr. Corker into retirement and performed an element in Speaker Paul D. Ryan and 39 different House members leaving Congress, essentially the most House Republicans to not search re-election for not less than 90 years.
Mr. Sanford had voted for a lot of Mr. Trump’s agenda, however repeatedly lamented what he referred to as the “cult of personality” gripping the celebration. His opponent, State Representative Katie Arrington, used these critiques in opposition to him to nice impact, casting the first as a loyalty take a look at and defeating Mr. Sanford by 4 share factors.
Every week earlier in Alabama, Representative Martha Roby, who withdrew her assist from Mr. Trump in 2016 after the “Access Hollywood” video was launched, confronted fierce assaults for her disloyalty and must compete in a July runoff as a result of she fell in need of successful a majority within the main.
Mr. Sanford’s loss additionally got here on the identical evening that Mr. Stewart, an area Virginia official who has drawn consideration for focusing on immigrants and defending the Confederacy, claimed the Senate nomination in what was an unmistakable victory for the type of racially tinged politics that Mr. Trump embraced in 2016.
The president exulted over each races Wednesday, crowing about his last-minute help torpedoing Mr. Sanford, a reference to an 11th-hour tweet that referred to as Mr. Sanford “nothing but trouble’’ and endorsed Ms. Arrington. And Mr. Trump argued that Mr. Stewart has “a major chance of winning” in a state that has not elected a statewide Republican in almost a decade.
It was becoming that such a momentous day of voting befell in Virginia, as a result of it was there 4 years in the past that Representative Eric Cantor, then the House majority chief, was upset in his main. And simply as Mr. Cantor’s beautiful defeat all however extinguished any hope for a complete immigration overhaul, the outcomes Tuesday seem to have snuffed out any room for dissent amongst G.O.P. lawmakers who depend on the president’s supporters for votes.
In Congress, Senate Republicans will doubtless not problem Mr. Trump over commerce and tariffs, with leaders blocking a vote Mr. Corker is pushing to require congressional approval for tariffs carried out on nationwide safety grounds.
And on the immigration debate, House Republican leaders repelled an effort by reasonable celebration members to pressure a vote on bipartisan measures to guard younger immigrants as a result of the president opposed them. Instead, the House will vote subsequent week on two more durable measures that the White House helps write to accommodate Mr. Trump.
“We are in a strange place,” stated Mr. Corker, who has alternately been one in every of Mr. Trump’s closest allies and loudest critics. Referring to Republican fealty to Mr. Trump, he added, “It’s becoming a cultish thing.”
To Mr. Trump’s supporters, although, the fealty to Mr. Trump merely displays the devotion he now enjoys from the celebration’s grass roots.
“His base is loyal and support is strong, giving him the leverage to move votes — at the ballot box and the legislative chamber,” stated Brian O. Walsh, who runs the president’s essential tremendous PAC. “There’s room for negotiation, but obstruction will end careers.”
Yet what alarms Republicans eyeing a House map during which essentially the most aggressive races are in suburban districts that reject Trump-style politics, is that Tuesday’s outcomes will induce extra candidates to hew intently to the president to keep away from angering the celebration base. Doing so now could also be crucial to make sure a strong turnout and retain a steady of volunteers — but it surely additionally might threat driving away unbiased voters who’re deeply contemptuous of Mr. Trump.
“There is writing on the wall when it comes to races like Sanford’s, but each district is also different,” stated Representative Tom Rooney of Florida, a Republican who can be retiring. “It might not be a good thing to cross the president in South Carolina, but outside Philadelphia, it might not matter.”
The hazard in adopting Mr. Trump’s incendiary method was on vivid show Wednesday, when Senate Republicans refused to embrace Mr. Stewart and the celebration braced for the havoc he might wreak in among the closely suburban Virginia districts the place they’re defending incumbents.
“The national narrative on the Virginia Senate race is that Corey is associated with extreme nativist views,” stated Marty Nohe who serves on the Prince William County Board of Supervisors with Mr. Stewart. He added, “The job of those Republican nominees just got harder.”
David Ramadan, a former state lawmaker, stated Representative Barbara Comstock of Northern Virginia might encounter essentially the most difficultly heading off questions on Mr. Stewart, who will face Senator Tim Kaine this November.
The chairman of his board, Mr. Stewart has praised white nationalists and made racially inflammatory feedback about intraparty rivals. Earlier this yr, he stood exterior the state capitol assailing Republican legislators for being “flaccid,” including, “I feel sorry for their wives.”
Virginia Republicans, who haven’t received a statewide race in almost a decade, give Mr. Stewart little likelihood of success, however some fear that turning into the Trump celebration carries long-term political dangers. The worry: Moderate voters will both change into Democrats or register as independents and solid their ballots for Democrats, denying Republicans the type of middle-of-the-road voter they should win in a state with an informed and numerous citizens.
“The Grand Old Party under Trump is no more,” stated Mr. Ramadan, bemoaning the Republican reorientation.
“What principles are we operating on today?” he requested. “Free trade? Family values when we’re taking children from their parents? No taxes when we are putting up tariffs? What are the principles of the Republican Party today? Whatever Trump wants to do when he gets up.”
Jonathan Martin reported from Washington, and Michael Tackett from Manassas, Va. Nicholas Fandos contributed reporting from Washington.