The Costa Rican authorities issued a well being, or sanitary alert Monday resulting from the rise within the variety of imported malaria circumstances reported from Nicaragua, Panama, and components of South America and Africa, according to a Nacion report (computer translated).
According to Daniel Salas, director of the Directorate of Health Surveillance of the Ministry of Health, between January and May of this yr, the primary 11 sufferers had been registered, however inside every week there have been ten new circumstances, which motivated to redouble efforts.
Year so far, Costa Rica has reported 21 circumstances of malaria, all of them imported. Most of those circumstances are seen within the northern zone, primarily in Santa Rosa de Pocosol, Los Chiles and Pital.
“Our country is prepared for an adequate treatment and diagnosis, the alert seeks to be more aggressive with early detection, in order to prevent cases from spreading,” stated Giselle Amador, Minister of Health.
Malaria or malaria is a tropical illness attributable to the Plasmodium parasite. It is transmitted by the Anopheles mosquito. In Costa Rica the pressure Plasmodium vivax is the principle one, however there have additionally been circumstances of Plasmodium falciparum, a extra aggressive pressure that acts quicker.
The parasite enters the liver and migrates to the blood, the place it infects purple blood cells. It may cause very excessive fever, chills and anemia. The first signs come up all of the sudden.
In probably the most extreme circumstances, it destroys blood cells and damages circulation, liver and kidneys and thereby causes demise.